Inspiration

Reflection on International Holocaust day 2020

The Holocaust

On International Holocaust Day 2020 we remember the victims and listen to the survivors that endured unimaginable suffering. The horrific crimes on humanity should be left in the history books so why are we now facing anti-semitism today?

The History of the Holocaust

The Beer Hall Putsch – 9th November 1923

This was a failed coup by the Nazi party leader Adolf Hitler along with other leaders such as Erich Ludendorff to take over power in Munich, Bavaria.

Hitler was arrested and charged with treason that resulted in a 5 year prison sentence.

After serving just 9 months he was released to continue his quest for power but this time he changed strategy using propoganda.

The Holocaust from 1933 to 1945

Holocaust comes from the Greek words Holos (whole) and kaustos (burning) used to describe the sacrificial burning.

Holocaust today means:

The ideological and systematic state-sponsored prosecution and mass murder of millions of European Jews (as well as millions of others, including Gypsies, theย intellectually disabled, dissidents and homosexuals) by the German Nazi regime between 1933 and 1945.

In World War II Hitler’s final solution to “creating his pure race” was the mass murder of 6 million men, women and children in specially built concentration camps across Poland.

 

Adolf Hitler become Chancellor of Germany in 30th January 1933

President Hindenburg names Adolf Hitler the Chancellor of Germany. The new fรผhrer of the Nationalist Socialist German Workers Party, NAZI Party.

This strategy now was to over rule politics and gain ultimate power over Germany and then the world.

His first action was to create the Gestapo who would systematically have the power to get rid of all opposition. The first step to ultimate power.

The first concentration camp was Dachau in 1933

Situated near Munich, Dachau the camp was investigated for deaths at the camp by Dr Moritz Flamm found evidence of murder. Flamm was dismissed as medical examiner and died under suspicious circumstances. A dossier of the deaths was only uncovered by the US Government in 1946 and used to Nรผrnberg trials in 1947 to convict senior Nazis of their crimes.

Auschwitz

The Nuremberg Race Laws 1935

The Nazi’s pass new laws that promote Nazi ideology and persecute anyone that does not ‘fit’ their vision, thus legalizing anti-semitism.

The Reich Citizenship Law

Only German blood could be a classified as a citizen. The law also defined, who or who was not a Jew. It defined that a Jew was by blood or birth.

Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor.

Banned marriage between Jews and non Jews and criminalised sexual relationships, branded “race defilement”.

The Sterilisation law of 1933

Anyone on the Genetic Disorders list could legally be sterilised. The result was that approximately 400,000 people were sterilised against their will.

Polish prisoners in Dachau Nazi concentration camp celebrating their liberation by the US Army.

The Holocaust

Polish prisoners in Dachau Nazi concentration camp in Germany joyfully celebrating their liberation by the US Army. The man standing at center between the bottles wears a P triangle.

 

Fast forward to today – 2020

Anti-semitic abuse at record high, says charity

1,805 anti-semitic incidents were recorded in 2019, up 7% on 2018. MP’s in the Labour party left the party due to anti semitic abuse that was left unchecked by the party leaders.

There is nothing to say about this other than it is wrong, it is very wrong and should receive the highest level of scrutiny and punishment.

We teach our kids to be kind, be kind to everyone.

Read more

 

75th Anniversary Anniversary of Auschwitz

 

 

 

Books to read about the Holocaust

Here are three books about the war that are beautifully written with sensitivity but equally offer in insight into the horrors they people of the Holocaust endured.

The Reader by Bernhard Schlink

The Tattooist of Auschwitz by Heather Morris

The Nightingale by Kristin Hannah

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Useful Resources:

The National Holocaust Centre and Museum
https://www.holocaust.org.uk

The Holocaust Explained
https://www.theholocaustexplained.org/what-was-the-holocaust/

The Holocaust Library
https://www.wienerlibrary.co.uk/digital-holocaust-resources

The World Holocaust Remembrance Centre
https://www.yadvashem.org/holocaust/about.html

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Author: Niki Buskell

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